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Preston C of E Primary School is a member of Preston Primary Academy Trust

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Purpose of study

A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Source: National Curriculum, 2014


Golden Threads of Learning for science


Within science, the children focus on 'golden threads' of learning to develop and deepen a coherent understanding of key concepts, and their relevance to scientific concepts.


From EYFS, children develop their substantive science knowledge through simple enquiry based questions that allow them to make links to previous learning; enquiry based questions ensure that children of all abilities are sufficiently challenged through high expectations. Our main threads focus on:

  • Animals, including humans
  • Plants
  • Materials
  • Living things and their habitats


In addition, further threads run through multiple year groups relating to:

  • States of matter
  • Forces
  • Electricity
  • Rocks and soil
  • Light
  • Seasonal changes

Science Long Term Plan

Science Skills Progression


Science at Preston Primary School aims to give all children a strong understanding of the world around them whilst acquiring skills and knowledge to help them to think scientifically, gain an understanding of scientific processes and also an understanding of the uses and implications of Science, today and for the future. Our aims are to fulfil the requirements of the National Curriculum for science; providing a broad, balanced and differentiated curriculum; ensuring the progressive development of knowledge, skills and vocabulary and for the children to develop a love of science. 

  • Each child will be encouraged to see themselves as a Scientist and will be given the opportunities to be involved in a variety of learning situations. 
  • As a school, our three main objectives are to (1) teach children scientific skills, (2) foster a positive attitude and inquisitive approach to the subject and (3) to develop scientific knowledge. 
  • Our curriculum will enable children to become enquiry-based learners collaborating through researching, investigating and evaluating experiences. It will encourage respect for living organisms and for the physical environment. 

Science across the school